Multi-Sector Rapid Needs Assessment (MRAT) of Afghan Returnees (April 2024) – Afghanistan

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Executive Summary

Decades of conflict in Afghanistan have forced many people to seek refuge in neighboring countries such as Pakistan and Iran. Over time, additional factors of the movements were observed, such as climate change, economic challenges, and limited livelihood opportunities. On October 3, 2023, Pakistan’s Ministry of Home Affairs announced a 28-day deadline for all migrants residing illegally in the country to leave the country voluntarily or face deportation. This led to widespread deportation of Afghans, with thousands of them expelled from various crossing points and informally across the border. In response to these developments, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) in Afghanistan devised a joint coordination framework aimed at ensuring an organized and cohesive response to families returning to their destinations.

The joint framework specifically outlined the roles of the Inter-Group Coordination Team and Groups (ICCT/ICCG) and the Durable Solutions Working Group (DSWG) to address the needs of returnees in return areas, emphasizing the importance of addressing both emergencies and logistics. term refers coherently. This report presents the findings of the Multi-Sector Rapid Needs Assessment Teams (MRAT) that targeted more than 24,000 returnee and host population households in all seven regions of Afghanistan. Unfortunately, a significant number of these households face notable difficulties in food security, financial assistance and housing. However, the majority of families indicate a desire to remain in Afghanistan, highlighting the opportunity for humanitarian organizations and essential service providers to work closely together and efficiently alleviate the struggles experienced by the most vulnerable people. .

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United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
For more information about OCHA activities, visit https://www.unocha.org/.